Shortly before the start of the next meeting of the Political Council, Ora News provides the draft amendments that Damian Gjiknuri will propose at the table.
According to the SP, the 30% quota for women should not be affected, adding that the lists should be 100% open and the citizen votes for the preferential candidate.
The amendment of the pink headquarter states that, “it is the duty and constitutional responsibility of the Assembly to approve the relevant amendments to the Electoral Code to implement the constitutional provisions in force on election issues. The proposed amendments are presented and have exactly this purpose.
According to the Socialist Party, these amendments constitute the best possible platform, of the widest possible consensus between the ruling majority, the parliamentary opposition and the extra-parliamentary opposition, because they meet every requirement articulated by them.
More specifically, the amendments proposed by the SP provide:
1. LIST OF CANDIDATES of the party or electoral coalition will be 100% OPEN. All candidates on the list are subject to preferential voting by voters. Every voter has the right, in addition to the party or electoral coalition, to place the mark on the name of a preferred candidate. Voters are given the right to change the ranking of candidates and respectively the division of seats by evaluating those candidates who demonstrate that they enjoy great support, even on the ranking of the party that proposes them. Such a principle applies in a number of countries with a similar electoral system where voters have the right to re-weight candidates and consequently won electoral mandates. We can bring to attention the examples of Austria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Sweden.
2. THE MINIMUM THRESHOLD FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF MANDATES FOR THE ASSEMBLY, BETWEEN COALITIES AND/OR COMPETITIVE PARTIES OUTSIDE COALITIES (ELECTORAL SUBJECTS) IS 3% OF VALID VOTES AT THE COUNTRY. This proposed threshold is based on the best democratic standards in the field of elections and has also been accepted by the Venice Commission in a number of its opinions.
3. LESS REPRESENTATED GENDER is guaranteed to be LESS than 30% of the composition of the Assembly even in the conditions of implementation of fully open lists. One in three consecutive names belong to the least represented gender, both in the preliminary list submitted by the electoral subject and in the final list of mandates won by the electoral subject.
4. THE ELECTORAL COALITION is envisaged as an ELECTORAL SUBJECT COMPETITING IN ELECTIONS. The electoral threshold for electoral coalitions is 3% and is the same as the electoral threshold that must be met by a single political party running in the elections. At the time of registration, the coalition must declare the leading political party of the coalition. Mutual obligations between them are regulated in the coalition agreement, which is part of the documentation submitted by the coalition to the CEC.
5. THE POLITICAL PARTY OR THE ELECTORAL COALITION, which is registered with the CEC as an electoral subject for the elections to the Assembly, DEPOSITS TO THE CEC the MULTI-NUMBER LIST OF its candidates for each constituency no later than 50 DAYS BEFORE THE ELECTION DATE.
6. The names in the multi-name list of the electoral subject are presented in numerical order, starting from number one. THE ELECTORAL SUBJECT CANNOT CHANGE the order of the candidates on the list after its registration. CANDIDATE-RANKED ONLY IN IMPLEMENTATION OF CALCULATION OF PREFERENTIAL VOTES AND FULFILLMENT OF LEGAL CONDITION FOR GENDER QUOTA
7. After dividing the mandates won between coalitions and/or parties running outside coalitions (electoral subjects), the CEC calculates the distribution of seats for the winning candidates for each electoral subject (electoral coalition or parties running outside coalitions).
The distribution of mandates begins after the FINAL RE-ORDER OF THE CANDIDATES WHICH HAVE BEEN BASED ON THREE ELEMENTS: first, their ranking in the list previously submitted to the CEC by the entity; second, the number of preferential votes of each candidate; and third, the number of votes it took for the subject to issue an MP mandate in this constituency.
The amendments preserve coalitions and guarantee fair election competition. The formula for dividing the mandates within the coalition parties, according to the coalition agreement, is determined based on the votes received by each candidate on the coalition list and the formula defined in the law as for all other candidates of the parties running separately. This is the model of all European countries that have a regional proportional system with preferential voting.
The Assembly of the Republic of Albania has approved on 30.07.2020 law no. 115/2020 “On some changes in law no. 8417, dated 21.10.1998 “The Constitution of the Republic of Albania.” These amendments to the Constitution entered into force on September 7, 2020. Meanwhile, the President of the Republic has decreed April 25, 2021 as the date for the next parliamentary elections. /Ora News